As I’ve said before, despite an apparent decrease in the amount of delay that veterans face to receive an initial decision, veterans who choose to appeal such a decision face ever-increasing delays. There are a range of ideas floating-around out there about how the VA can fix the enormous backlog of appeals. Today I want to take a minute to take a look at some of the proposals that our elected representatives have put-forth to tackle the real backlog.
CREATE A TASK FORCE
The first member of Congress to take a stab at the backlog this year was Representative Dina Titus of Nevada. Titus’s proposal is for the establishment of a task force to study possible improvements to the appeals process. The task force would then report on its findings to the VA and the VA would be required to either implement those proposals or explain why it will not do so.
While I’m certain that Representative Titus’s proposal is well-intentioned, it lacks any concrete plan for action. As we have seen time and time again, the VA does not act to improve itself unless it is explicitly directed to do so by Congress. Against this backdrop, merely establishing a task force that makes polite suggestions to the VA is not likely to result in any material changes within the agency and, consequently, would do little to reduce the backlog of appeals.
Certainly, we need to know exactly why it takes so long for an appeal to be finally decided by the VA, and a task force might go a long way toward getting us that information. Yet when it comes time for action, Representative Titus’s plan simply does not have the teeth to get the job done.
FAST TRACK APPEALS
Another proposal to tackle the appeals backlog comes from Representative Beto O’Rourke of Texas. O’Rourke’s proposal would establish a voluntary pilot program where a veteran can opt to submit a “fully developed appeal” in lieu of the traditional notice of disagreement. Essentially, the program would require veterans to submit all the evidence they believe is needed to support their appeal along with an argument supporting their disagreement at the time they file an NOD. Thereafter, they would not be permitted to submit additional evidence.
Based on my experiences, I believe Representative O’Rourke’s proposal misidentifies the problem that needs solving. While it certainly might cause a minor decrease in delays to require a veteran to submit all their evidence and argument at the same time, my observations convince me that the largest source of delay in the appeals process is caused by the VA itself. Indeed, one need only look at the VA’s own data to see that veterans account for an average of 39 days of wait time compared to the VA’s 1,368 days.
Significantly, systems that begin as “pilot programs” often become standard operating procedure down the line. Were that to happen with this piece of legislation, veterans would be barred from presenting evidence or argument, no matter how meritorious, after the submission of their NOD. Such a rule would be fundamentally unfair in a bureaucratic and complex legal system where veterans often operate without the benefit of any assistance at all, let alone a competent attorney. Stated simply, Representative O’Rourke’s proposal does far more harm than good.
SEND APPEALS TO BOARD FASTER
The final proposal I would like to look at was made by Representative Robert Latta from Ohio. Latta’s proposal is simple: it requires the VA to send a veteran’s case to the Board within one year of receiving the form completing the appeal.
This proposal does not sound like much, but under present circumstances, it would be quite significant. As I explained previously, the stage of the appeal process that is most prone to delay occurs after a claimant submits the form completing his appeal. All the VA must do during this period is drop the claimant’s VA file in the mail, although in practice the VA often uses this period to do additional work that should have been completed earlier. On average, it takes the VA 681 days to wrap-up work on an appeal and forward the case to the Board. Under Representative Latta’s proposal, this delay would be cut in half.
While not earth-shattering, this is the only of the three proposals which would meaningfully reduce the amount of delay associated with filing an appeal. To be sure, this proposal would only impact one of many possible sources of delay. Nonetheless, something is better than nothing and Representative Latta’s proposal would shave 325 days off of the protracted appeals process for the average veteran. If we could only couple this proposal with a plan to eliminate the Statement of the Case, we would cut the average delay in half.
A lot could be done to reduce the appeals backlog, and at least one member of Congress has the right idea. Nonetheless, several of the proposals coming from our elected representatives would not significantly reduce the appeals backlog or reduce the years of delay faced by veterans who disagree with an initial VA decision. We must therefore conclude that Congress shares at least some of the blame for the broken appeals process.